Guanajuato architecture is a visual feast of symmetrical and asymmetrical buildings. Each space in the Guanajuato historical center expresses various forms of Baroque art from the colonial period, which is found predominantly in the buildings of the Basilica of Our Lady of Guanajuato, the “Templo de San Diego” church, the Plaza de la Paz, the Municipal Government Palace, the Casa del Conde Rul, and the Legislative Palace.
There are also the Templos de La Compañía (Jesuit churches), built between 1745 and 1765, as well as La Valenciana church built between 1765 and 1768: prime examples of Mexico’s Churrigueresque architectural style. Other historic buildings in Guanajuato show off the city’s beautiful architecture and wealth, such as the Boca del Infierno, a vertiginous mineshaft descending almost 2,000 feet, with a 40-foot diameter.
The Guanajuato University boasts sublime colonial architecture; this building was constructed using the local green cantera stone and is reminiscent of impressive medieval constructions. La Alhóndiga de Granaditas is another piece of architecture; this monumental building, with its severe Neoclassical façade, was at the center of the second stage of the Guanajuato Mexico Independence movement.
This colonial city is admired for its Baroque churches and grand mansions, and also for its unusual urban layout – a labyrinth of steep winding streets without any straight lines that lead to narrow alleyways.To avoid getting lost in this maze, the main street called Juárez will help you keep your bearings. All in all, architecture buffs cannot go wrong with planning a Guanajuato vacation to this lovely city.
The University of Guanajuato is a colonial building built of stone, and the Alhondiga Granaditas has a neoclassical facade.
The best examples of viceregal architecture are found in Guanajuato state in nearby Mineral de Pozos, San Miguel de Allende, and Dolores Hidalgo, the cradle of Mexican Independence.