Lying in the southeast of the country, Tabasco lives up to its Nahuatl name: “place where the ground is damp.” This is the land of the Ulmecs, “the rubber people.” Tabasco borders on Veracruz, Chiapas and Campeche and is washed by the Gulf of Mexico. Its landscape consists of forest, jungle, savannah, mangrove swamp, swamp and coast that support a wide range of land and sea fauna.
This territory of water and exuberant vegetation produced one of the most important cultures in ancient Mexico: the Olmec, the mother of all Mesoamerican cultures. The inhospitable terrain prevented the Spaniards from founding cities. Nevertheless, in 1519, Cortés established Santa María de la Victoria. Another difficulty the Spaniards encountered were the constant pirate attacks the territory suffered from the 16th to the 18th centuries.
Tabasco has a wealth of attractions, such as the archaeological sites at La Venta, Comalcalco and Pomoná, natural features such as waterfalls, grottoes, swamps, beaches, rivers and marshes, and the traditional villages of Tapijulapa, Villa Luz and Jalpa. One place definitely worth visiting is the La Venta Museum-Park, where some of the distinctive colossal heads of the Olmec are on display.