The State of Zacatecas is located in the heart of Mexico. Built on the steep slopes of a narrow valley.
Zacatecas borders to the east with the State of San Luis Potosi, to the south with the State of Jalisco and with the State of Aguascalientes to the west with the State of Durango and to the north with the State of Coahuila.
Zacatecas territory extends to an area of 75,040 sq. km. which consist of the eastern Sierra Madre and The Central Plains with a population of approximately 1’353,610 inhabitants. The average temperature prevails at 18 Celsius with the summer months beginning in June and winter months in December.
There are three major federal highways that intersect the State of Zacatecas. Highway 45 which connects cities of Zacatecas to Aguascalientes – Durango. Highway 49 joins the cities of San Luis Potosi – Torreon and highway 54, which connects the cities of Guadalajara – Torreon.
Zacatecas is home to one of Mexico’s vital railroad systems. The “Central Railroad” route runs from as far south as the State of Mexico to the border town of Ciudad Juarez in the State of Chihuahua. If you choose to travel in a more luxurious fashion to Mexico City you can always take “El Zacatecano” which departs from the City of Zacatecas at 7:30pm with an arrival time of 7am to Mexico City.
The State and Capital name of Zacatecas originate from the Nahuatl language, which describes a “People were Grass is abundant”, The word zacatl means “grass” and tecatl means “people”.
Zacatecas natural resources are abundant. Especially the extraction of silver from it’s mines which are the highest yielding worldwide. Other key resource is the extraction of calcium sulfate.
Zacatecas, whose gizzard are covered of rich mineral, as the silver, gold, copper, lead, cadmium and zinc, offers to the beautiful tourist colonial cities, warm waters with therapeutic virtues, extraordinary beauty landscapes, cities with large wealth colonial, architectural as well as artistic, crafts between those which emphasize the jeweler’s in stones semiprecious, wood articles, of skin and textiles that they are notable for its excellent complete and the exquisite pleasure with which are elaborated.
And by if it would be little, its rich and assorted gastronomy crossbreeds and fine table wines that they are produced in the entity.
Agriculture represents an important role in the state economy. Broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, garlic, onion and oregano are key agricultural products. It’s production of beans and guava lead the nation. Other products that need mentioning are the cultivation of grapevines, chili and tunero cactus.
Cattle raising is also important to the states economy. We can find a history of cattle raising back to the late 16th century when in 1593 bullfights were introduced in both the City of Zacatecas and Sombrerete. In the 17th century cattle raising became widespread when bullfights became common during the religious holidays.
The Zacatecas government has taken all steps necessary to preserve it heritage by maintaining the original architecture for both the religious and civil buildings. An example of such preservation efforts can be seen in the Cathedral. Built between 1730 and 1760, it is the heart of the State Capital. Its façade, reflects the European and indigenous style of architecture of early colonization. These preservation efforts have brought an international audience and in 1994 UNESCO honored the capital city by declaring it Humanity Cultural Patrimony.
Overall, Zacatecas, offers its tourist a taste of colonial Mexico. With its vivid landscapes and a continued tradition of maintaining a 453-year-old tradition, the city can only provide the tourist a gateway to colonial Mexico.
- Chicomostoc Archaeological Zone
- Villa Garcia
- Jerez de Garcia Salinas